Welcome to the CoE Knowledge Hub!

The Knowledge Hub is your comprehensive pool of resources on civilian crisis management. It offers policy and research papers, analyses, reports, recommendations as well as media files and links to relevant other websites or platforms. The CoE is constantly expanding the scope of resources and welcomes suggestions for inclusion of specific resources through the upload centre.

Access additional resources (all CoE papers and reports) and enjoy advanced functionalities (bookmark, comment and annotate pages of the Knowledge Hub) by requesting an account. If you already have an account, stay up to date with the Hub by subscribing to our monthly newsletter, the Knowledge Hub Digest. These features are reserved for staff pertaining to CoE’s members, preferred partners and civilian CSDP missions.



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    • Strategic Context of Civilian CSDP

    Strengthening Civilian CSDP through Enhanced Application of the EU’s Integrated Approach

    The baseline document for the CoE’s Civilian CSDP Summer Forum 2024 provides an overview of the different actors involved in the EU Integrated Approach and illustrates good practices and current challenges with a view to the implementation of the Integrated Approach. The document examines all levels of integration - the national level (Member States), the level of the EU institutions and services, and the actors in theatre (missions and other stakeholders on the ground) - and offers food for thought for areas of improvement in the application of the Integrated Approach.
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    • Civilian CSDP Missions
    • Evaluation

    Assessing the Effectiveness of European Union Civilian CSDP Missions Involved in Security Sector Reform: the Cases of Afghanistan, Mali and Niger

    This report is the result of an impact evaluation of the civilian CSDP missions in Afghanistan (2007-2016), Niger (2012-2024), and Mali (2014-). Tying together their findings, the researchers outline six primary factors undermining the effectiveness of all three missions and recommend practical solutions for current and future missions to enhance effectiveness. It provides crucial insights for both mandate development and implementation.
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    • Strategic Context of Civilian CSDP

    European Defence - The Future of EU Missions

    This policy brief by the Clingendael Institute frames the changing status quo of EU CSDP in the context of ongoing security crises. The authors discuss how the war in Ukraine, the series of coups d'état in the Sahel, and spillover from the Israel-Hamas war are affecting CSDP and recommend policy changes for CSDP policy and missions moving forward.
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    • Career Path Development
    • Women, Peace and Security

    Case Study Report: Civilian CSDP Missions in the Career Paths of Women within the Belgian Integrated Police

    The report presents findings of a case study on incentives and disincentives of women employees within the Belgian Integrated Police considering international civilian crisis management missions as part of their career.
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    • Evaluation
    • Knowledge Management

    Crisis and Transformative Learning in Communities of Practice: Semi-Formal Learning in CSDP during COVID-19

    This research article discusses how COVID-19 temporarily created a radical change in the lessons learnt process of CSDP. Using the theoretical framework of Communities of Practice (CoPs), in this case the agencies, EEAS directorates, missions, and other workplace communities and venues for interaction within the CSDP architecture, the researchers find that the pandemic decreased the political contestation between CoPs and created a high-engagement environment where lessons were freely shared among CoPs as they were learned, with PCM (then-ISP) as the knowledge broker.
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    • Civilian CSDP Compact
    • Civilian CSDP Missions
    • Strategic Context of Civilian CSDP

    Report from the 2023 CoE Civilian CSDP Autumn Forum

    This document has been produced by the European Centre of Excellence for Civilian Crisis Management (CoE) and serves as a report from the CoE's Civilian CSDP Autumn Forum on the topic "Implementing deliverable number 3 under the Civilian CSDP Compact". It took place on 19/20 October 2023 at the Spanish Representation to the EU in Brussels, under the auspices of the Spanish Council Presidency. This report can be used by EU MS as well as the EEAS to inform their further discussion – and eventual decision-making – to what extent a scalable and modular approach shall be used to make civilian CSDP more agile, flexible, effective and efficient.
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    • Civilian CSDP Compact

    New Compact, Renewed Impetus: Enhancing the EU’s Ability to Act through its Civilian CSDP

    This SIPRI-policy paper reviews the first compact and how the new compact builds on the former. It highlights that the Member States did not deliver on their commitments in the first Compact regarding secondments while acknowledging the usefulness of the initiative. Three main commitments are discussed in this paper: increasing national contributions, raising the share of seconded personnel to 70% and promoting women’s representation. The paper concludes by making suggestions for the design of the review process of the new Compact. As a review, it is interesting for everybody who is working on secondment to civilian CSDP missions and on the implementation of a meaningful review process of the new Compact.
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    • Civilian CSDP Compact
    • National Systems and Frameworks of Secondment
    • Strategic Context of Civilian CSDP

    Implementing Deliverable Number 3 under the Civilian CSDP Compact

    This document has been produced by the European Centre of Excellence for Civilian Crisis Management (CoE) prior to CoE's Civilian CSDP Autumn Forum that took place on 19/20 October 2023 at the Spanish Representation to the EU in Brussels, under the auspices of the Spanish Council Presidency. It was shared in advance with all registered participants to outline the scope of discussions at the Forum and provide information on its topic: The modular and scalable approach of deliverable #3 of the 2023 Civilian CSDP Compact.
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    • Civilian CSDP Missions
    • Knowledge Management

    Knowledge Management is needed in Crisis Management

    Civilian CSDP Missions are lacking a standardised approach to knowledge management. To effectively carry out Missions, knowledge needs to be captured, stored, organised and remain retrievable. How to achieve this goal, also mentioned in the Civilian CSDP Compact 2023, was discussed at the panel discussion at the European Association of Peace Operations Training Centres (EAPTC) Annual Conference 2023.
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    • Civilian CSDP Missions
    • Strategic Context of Civilian CSDP

    Report from the 2023 CoE Civilian CSDP Summer Forum

    On June 15th and 16th, 2023, the CoE, in collaboration with the Swedish Folke Bernadotte Academy (FBA) and under the auspice of the Swedish council presidency, gathered representatives from 23 EU Member States, as well as the EEAS, Eurojust, and Frontex for the Civilian CSDP Summer Forum. The primary objective was to familiarise and identify the necessary capabilities within EU Member States to strengthen and enhance civilian CSDP missions, making them more inclusive, effective, and efficient.
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