Welcome to the CoE Knowledge Hub!

The Knowledge Hub is your comprehensive pool of resources on civilian crisis management. It offers policy and research papers, analyses, reports, recommendations as well as media files and links to relevant other websites or platforms. The CoE is constantly expanding the scope of resources and welcomes suggestions for inclusion of specific resources through the upload centre.

Access additional resources (all CoE papers and reports) and enjoy advanced functionalities (bookmark, comment and annotate pages of the Knowledge Hub) by requesting an account. If you already have an account, stay up to date with the Hub by subscribing to our monthly newsletter, the Knowledge Hub Digest. These features are reserved for staff pertaining to CoE’s members, preferred partners and civilian CSDP missions.



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    • Civilian CSDP Compact
    • Civilian CSDP Missions
    • Strategic Context of Civilian CSDP

    Level of Ambition for Civilian CSDP: Past and Present in Terms of Type, Number and Size

    The Strategic Compass, approved on 21 March 2022, says that “we will further strengthen our civilian CSDP through a new Compact that will provide objectives on the type, number and size of civilian missions.” This paper aims to provide an informal baseline of past and present Level of Ambition (LoA) for civilian CSDP in terms of type, number and size in order to facilitate Member States’ informal and formal discussions on the topic as part of agreeing on a new Civilian CSDP Compact in early summer 2023.
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    • Leadership and Management
    • Strategic Context of Civilian CSDP
    • Women, Peace and Security

    Report on the Follow-up Baseline Study on Integrating Human Rights and Gender Equality into the European Union’s Common Security and Defence Policy

    This report assesses the progress made five years after the first ever baseline study on integrating human rights and gender equality into the European Union’s CSDP. Its purpose is to provide data to inform missions' and operations’ planning and review processes.
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    • Strategic Context of Civilian CSDP

    The EU’s Civilian Headquarters: Inside the Control Room of Civilian Crisis Management

    This is the first study to provide a comprehensive timeline and examination of the development and inner workings of Civilian Planning and Conduct Capability (CPCC). It analyses its creation, its primary functions as the HQ of the EU’s civilian crisis management operations, and ways for CPCC to grow and evolve. It provides a useful guide to understanding the command structure of civilian CSDP, the management and planning of missions, and areas for further development of the institution.
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    • Civilian CSDP Missions
    • Evaluation

    The European Union Training Mission in Mali: An Assessment

    This SIPRI Background Paper provides an overview of the European Union Training Mission in Mali (EUTM Mali) and assesses its impact on Mali’s conflict dynamics since it was established in 2013. The paper analyses EUTM Mali’s main training and advisory activities, before assessing its political and operational impacts. It summarises the main factors that account for the mission’s successes and limitations and makes three recommendations to augment the future impact of the mission.
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    • Climate and Security

    Factsheet: The Nexus between Climate Change and Conflict - What Relevance for Civilian CSDP Missions?

    This CoE factsheet outlines the links between climate change and conflict dynamics and highlights relevance of such links for civilian CSDP. This document is a useful starting point for anyone wanting to grasp the climate-conflict nexus and is especially targeted at practitioners working in the realm of civilian CSDP, whether in Member States, Brussels, or civilian CSDP missions.
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    • Civilian CSDP Compact
    • Civilian CSDP - JHA Cooperation
    • Strategic Communication
    • Strategic Context of Civilian CSDP

    The Internal - External Security Nexus

    This paper seeks to contribute to the operationalisation of cooperation between the realms of civilian CSDP and JHA, by shining light on the different understandings of the term, both conceptually and operationally, and on the risks of and obstacles for operationalisation. The paper also provides a number of policy recommendations.
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    • Civilian CSDP Missions
    • Strategic Communication

    Ministry of Home Affairs: 20 Years of International Missions

    This paper traces twenty years (1995-2015) of the Portuguese Ministry of Home Affairs’ contribution to peacekeeping and civilian missions, including CSDP civilian missions. Besides the informative aspect of that report, it can serve as an example of strategic communication and valorisation of civilian forces’ participation in international missions.
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    • Strategic Context of Civilian CSDP

    The EU’s Integrated Approach to Crisis Response: Learning from the UN, NATO and OSCE

    This empirical analysis critiques the EU Integrated Approach to External Conflicts and Crises, a strategic concept meant to coordinate the various civilian and military actors for enhanced effectiveness in crisis management. The authors empirically analyse the EU Integrated Approach with some comparison to the other organisations, and draw out four problems: difficulties in multilateral coordination; too much focus on EU institutions, thus undermining local ownership; insufficient conflict sensitivity; and excessive focus on migration control at the expense of other values and interests.
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    • Women, Peace and Security

    The #SHEcurity Index 2021

    This is the second edition of the #SHEcurity Index, created in 2020 to take stock of the participation and representation of women at all levels of decision-making in foreign and security policy, and of diversity in peace and security in general. The 2021 version has been enriched with data from additional sources. Furthermore, it includes a section #SHEcurity+ advocating for considering diverse experiences and marginalised perspectives when shaping (foreign) policy.
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    • Civilian CSDP Compact
    • Civil-Military Cooperation
    • Strategic Context of Civilian CSDP

    The EU’s Strategic Approach to CSDP Interventions: Building a Tenet from Praxis

    The article analyses the strategic and concrete approach of the EU and EU Member States to crisis management in the CSDP framework. In particular, it investigates the creation of objectives for CSDP interventions by exploring the way they have been developed, practised and interpreted by practitioners working in the CSDP framework.
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